Lately we’ve been hearing the denigration of the disciplines of philosophy and theology from certain quarters. Stephen Hawking says “Philosophy is dead.” Peter Atkins said pretty much the same thing in his recent conversation with John Lennox (see my post, “Peter Atkins evidently didn’t read Newton” on this site). Certain scientists elevate their discipline above all others. “Science” is the new Deity to which we must all bow. It is the One True Religion. Let us pray.
The truth is that science is “a method” of inquiry into our world. It is a method of discovery and, as such, is subject to certain a priori assumptions about the world, our minds and truth in general. The practice of science thus rests on certain philosophical assumptions. Without implicit acceptance of these assumptions, science cannot proceed. What follows below is a list of at least ten presuppositions of science from William Lane Craig and J.P. Moreland’s book, Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview(Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003), pp. 348ff.
(1) The existence of a theory-independent, external world; (2) the orderly nature of the external world; (3) the knowability of the external world; (4) the existence of truth; (5) the laws of logic; (6) the reliability of our cognitive and sensory faculties to serve as truth gatherers and as a source of justified true beliefs in our intellectual environment; (7) the adequacy of language to describe the world; (8) the existence of values used in science (e.g., “test theories fairly and report test results honestly”); (9) the uniformity of nature and induction; (10) the existence of numbers.
Thanks to http://apologetics315.blogspot.com for this link.